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Architecture

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Architecture

The distinctive feature of a traditional Japanese building is the way in which the house is open to nature. The main materials used are wood, earth, and paper, and the construction spreads out sideways rather than upwards.

traditional-house1
traditional-house2

Modern housing
With the steady flow of population into the cities, the price of land wentup rapidly, and Japanese-style houses with gardens became prohibitively expensive for most people. This led to a great increase in the number of apartment houses and duplexes.
wooden-houses-and-apartment-houses-in-the-cities wooden-houses-and-apartment-houses-in-the-cities
Ready-built houses. Standardized housing has become a common sights.      A Danchi, or housing complex

One of the features of Japanese houses is the tremendous variety of roof styles, depending on the locality and the occupation of the owner. These styles can, however, be classified roughly into three styles called Yosemuné, Kirizuma and Irimoya.
names-of-roof-components
Various materials are used in the construction of roofs, including Kaya (a kind of read), wheat straw, bamboo, tiles, stone, galvanized iron, and aluminium.
types-of-Kawara-and-Japanese-traditional-house
Recently, Japanese cities have come to look like those of Europe because of the increase in the number of prefabricated and ferroconcrete buildings. However, the style of building that is best suited to the Japanese climate and natural conditions is probably still the traditional wooden house, and it is certainly nicer to look at.

types-of-Kawara-and-Japanese-traditional-house
how-to-build-a-wooden-house

This is the layout of a so-called 2LDK apartment (this means an apartment with two rooms also used as bedrooms, a living room, a dining-room and a kitchen, the last two usually being combined into one). This would be for a family of three: mother, father, and one child.
layout-of-an-average-apartment-in-the-city

(c)JTB2000