What is Okonomiyaki / Takoyaki
In Japan, okonomiyaki and takoyaki are known as kona-mono which means dish with wheat flour.
Okonomiyaki is made with various ingredients and then baked like a pancake in a teppanyaki. Takoyaki on the other hand, has a dedicated iron plate with circular recesses in it. It is baked in a ball shape with octopus and green onions.
History of Okonomiyaki / Takoyaki
The okonomiyaki in Kanto and Kansai is said to have originated from the dish dondon-yaki derived from Monjayaki. Before World War II (1930s), Tokyo and Osaka offered specialty stores like the present. But it was only after the war that okonomiyaki mixed with cabbage developed in the Kinki district.
The Hiroshima style is also said to be burning steadily, it just developed a unique cooking method different from that of Kanto and Kansai.
Kinds of Okonomiyaki / Takoyaki
Fry the dough first, only add the main ingredients after the dough is turned over.
Fry the dough and put the ingredients on top. Noodles are often added in as well.
Fry the dough with all mixed ingredients at once. Although recently there is no clear difference between Kansai-style okonomiyaki and Kanto-style okonomiyaki.
They say that this is the model of okonomiyaki. Put less flour in the water, fry ingredients first. Pour the batter in the center of the fried ingredients once it is in a semi-solid state.
Use the same ingredients with okonomiyaki and add in some octopus, fry the mixture in a ball shape.
Pour the batter on the squid and fry on iron plate. Specialty shops press and bake thinly.
Hot to eat like a local
There are two ways of serving. In Kanto, all ingredients are served in bowls and customers fry it themselves. In Kansai, it is served cooked already. In Hiroshima, customers sit around a big iron plate from which they eat directly from.
Sauces, mayonnaise, and Aonori are available. For okonomiyaki and takoyaki, you can also add bonito flakes, red ginger, and onions.
Where it is famous
There are more than 12,000 okonomiyaki restaurants all over Japan, especially in the areas of Osaka, Hyogo, and Hiroshima where about 40% of the total number can be found.
On the other hand, there are about 3,000 takoyaki restaurants in Japan. You can find most of them during festivals.
Most Ikayaki restaurants are in Osaka, particularly in Hankyu Department Store in Umeda Station.
Prices depend on the ingredients used.
Okonomiyaki usually costs around 600 yen. But those that use higher quality ingredients can cost 1,500 yen or more. As for takoyaki, they cost around 600 yen for six to eight pieces.