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Sacred Sites and Pilgrimage Routes in the Kii Mountain Range

Three unique Sacred Sites and the Pilgrimage Routes that connect them

Wakayama prefecture, Nara prefecture, Mie prefecture

This world heritage site incorporates three sacred sites across Nara, Wakayama and Mie prefectures: "Yoshino/Omine", "Kumano Sanzan", "Koya-san" and the pilgrimage routes that connect them.

Yoshino and Omine, situated at the northernmost part of the Kii Mountains, developed as a sacred place for Shugendo, a religion established by combining the original mountain worship of Japan, Tantric Buddhism, and Taoism around the 12th century. The followers seclude themselves in the mountains and perform ascetic practices. Yoshino is famous as a mountain cherry blossom beauty area, and it is said that the warlord Toyotomi Hideyoshi (1536-1598) who boasted overwhelming power at that time held a luxurious cherry blossom viewing party here in 1594. In Kinpusen-ji Temple, the central temple of Shugendo, a large meeting is held for people to confess their sins, and an offering of cherry blossoms is given in April every year.

Kumano Sanzan is the name for a set of three Grand Shrines situated in the southeastern part of the Kii Peninsula: Kumano Hongu Taisha Grand Shrine, Kumano Nachi Taisha Grand Shrine and Kumano Hayatama Taisha Grand shrine. An afternoon will suffice to see all three shrines by car, but, if you would like to fully enjoy the scenery, it is recommended that you stay at the Katsuura Onsen or Hongu Onsen and have a more leisurely visit. Nachi Waterfalls, which is itself considered a god, is 13 m wide and 133 m high, and is known as one of the highest waterfalls in Japan. Because it is believed that touching the splash of the falls ensures long life, many tourists gather around the waterfall basin.

Koyasan is an unprecedented religious city on a mountain top where more than 100 temples are clustered. The most famous among them is the Kongobu-ji Temple constructed by a monk named Kukai (774-835, founder of the Shingon Buddhist School) in 816. You can see rooms decorated with beautiful sliding screens created by a painter who left his mark on history, and the room where Toyotomi Hideyoshi's nephew Hidetsugu (1568-1595) committed hara-kiri when cornered here by Hideyoshi. Koyasan is also known for its many temples where you are welcome to stay. In the Shukubo or temple lodging, you come in contact with true traditional Japanese culture that you cannot experience at any ordinary inn, such as participating in copying of the sutra and in religious services or eating the traditional vegetarian food of Buddhist monks, so it is becoming very popular among tourists from abroad.

The ancient pilgrimage routes connecting these sites are locally called the Kumano Kodo and one of only two UNESCO World Heritage registered pilgrimage routes in the world, one other being the Santiago e Compostela. The main five routes are Nakahechi, Kohechi, Iseji, Omine Okugakemichi and Koyasan Choishimichi. Although many of them have steep stone steps or arduous passes, it is well worth walking these old routes for the opportunity to appreciate the deeply mysterious historical remains amid the rich natural scenery.

Wakayama prefecture, Nara prefecture, Mie prefecture


Kinpusen-ji: Approx. 10-minute walk from the Yoshinoyama Station on the ropeway from the Kintetsu Yoshino station. The Kintetsu Yoshino station is approx. 2-hour ride from the Kintetsu Kyoto station. Kumano Hongu Taisha, one of Kumano Sanzan: Getting off at Hongu Taisha mae bus stop. The Hongu Taisha mae bus stop is approx. 2 hours from the JR Kii-Tanabe station by Ryujin bus The JR Kii-Tanabe station is approx. 2 hours from the JR Shinosaka station taking the JR Express Ocean Arrow. Koyasan: The Nankai Rinkai bus is available to various spots in Koyasan from the Koyasan station. The Koyasan station is approx. 5 minutes from the Nankai Dentetsu Gokurashibashi station by Nankai Koyasan cable. The Gokurashibashi station is approx. 2-hour ride from the JR Wakayama station or approx. 1 hour 40 minutes ride from Nankai Dentetsu Nanba station.