Tradition has it that Hakata-ori came into being after merchants of this region traveled to China and brought back weaving techniques in around the 13th century. The head of the Kuroda family that governed this region presented cloth woven with these techniques to the shogun of the Edo (Tokyo) Shogunate, which governed Japan in the 17th century, and the high quality of the weaving became renowned throughout the country. Hakata weaving consists of hira-ori (plain weave) incorporating elegant, detailed designs, and mon-ori (armure – a fabric made with a twilled or ribbed surface) with fine, delicate patterns. The main Hakata weaving product is the obi (sash worn with kimono), but these days weavers also produce neckties and interior fabrics. Hakata weaving was designated a traditional craft in 1976.
- Hakata-ku, Fukuoka-shi, Fukuoka