Shimoda, the port city that the American fleet known as Kurofune entered in the 19th century. Cape Iro-zaki, with a saw-toothed shoreline, its charm is its variety.
Shimoda is situated in the southeastern part of the Izu-hanto Peninsula and is a core of Minami Izu (South Izu). It is known as the port city that an American fleet known as Kurofune, the Black Ships, entered in the 19th century demanding the establishment of trade with Japan, which was then under the national isolation policy that cut off any type of exchange with foreign countries. Located in the city is Ryosen-ji Temple, where the then U.S. Naval Officer Perry and Daigaku Hayashi, ambassador plenipotentiary, concluded the Treaty of Peace and Amity between the United States and the Empire of Japan (Kanagawa Treaty). A sketch of the treaty signing ceremony remains at the temple.
You can enjoy the views of Shimoda from the sea aboard the Sasukehana cruise boat, copied after the Kurofune, as well as from the nearby Mt. Nesugata-yama, which is said to resemble a woman lying on her back. The Nesugata-yama Cable Car service, available from the Shimoda Station, takes you to the peak of Mt. Nesugata-yama.
Cape Iro-zaki, at the southern tip further down the Izu-hanto Peninsula, has a saw-toothed shoreline, with its charm being its variety. It is a scenic spot, with its lighthouse and towering cliffs, a view of which you can enjoy from aboard a boat that tours around the cape.
From Tokyo :
[Rail] 50 min to Atami Station by JR Shinkansen, and 1h 15 min from Atami to Izukyu-Shimoda Station by JR Ito Line (limited express).
From Osaka :
[Rail] 2h 30 min from Shin-Osaka to Atami Station by Shinkansen.