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Japanese Gardens

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Japanese Shapes

Japanese Gardens


With a foundation of the religious devotion to gods dwelling in nature, Japanese gardens are a spatial art created to reflect social and cultural background and ideas. Items of nature such as plants, the landscape, and rocks are positioned sometimes delicately, sometimes boldly, to shape the garden.
A representative example of Japanese gardens is the "karesansui," or dry garden. This is devoid of embellishments, doesn't use water, and is rendered with white sand, stones, and the landscape to portray nature. Rather than walking in this type of garden, value is placed on mental images evoked by reflecting on oneself while gazing at it.
Ornamental Fish Introduced from China: Nishiki (Golden) Carp
Originally from China, carp have been popular as ornamental fish among aristocrats since the Heian period (794-1185). In the Edo period(1603-1867), breeding produced a more brightly colored fish, resulting in the beautiful Nishiki carp of today. There are over 80 varieties of Nishiki carp, and their sizes also widely vary, from 10 cm to 1 m long.