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The fan is a tool to cool down by fanning oneself by hand. It has a long history, with depictions of women holding fans seen in murals dating back to the 7th-8th centuries.
For a long time, fans were used exclusively by aristocrats and finally spread to the common people in the 16th century. In the major production area of Edo (now Tokyo), fans with portraits of kabuki actors and landscapes were very popular. The shape of the fan shifted from round to oval, but the simple structure has remained unchanged. You can keep cool during the hot and humid Japanese summer by wearing a yukata (informal cotton kimono) and fanning yourself with this.
Fireworks, a Symbol of Summer
Fireworks that color the sky are a Japanese summer tradition, with firework festivals held all over the nation. In Tokyo, there's even a firework festival with a history of approximately 270 years-this certainly indicates how much the Japanese love fireworks. Hand-held and set fireworks are also available at stores, and the sound of fireworks can be heard here and there on summer nights.